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The definition of "Wed" is to marry (another person) in a formal ceremony; take as one's husband or wife. Which leads us to wedding; a "Wedding" is the act or ceremony of marrying; marriage; nuptials. So we can say that a wedding is a ceremony that celebrates the beginning of a marriage or civil union. A man being married to a woman is called a groom, and a woman being married to a man is called a bride. After the ceremony the man and woman become a husband or a wife.
A Catholic marriage is an indissoluble bond between a man and a woman. This indissoluble bond is created by human contract and ratified by divine grace. It is one of The seven sacraments (Baptism, Penance/Reconciliation, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Extremeunction or Anointing of the Sick). It is ordinarily celebrated in a Nuptial Mass. A Catholic marriage is also called matrimony.
The nature of the covenant requires that the two participants be one man and one woman. The two participants are both to be free to marry. Also, the two participants are to be willingly and knowingly entering into a valid marriage contract, and that they validly execute the performance of the contract.
Based on the exact definitions of each of these steps mount all the arguments and technical points involved in annulments, and annulment disputes. Example, (eg, one of the most famous, that of Henry VIII). Catholic Canon law regulates the celebration of marriage in canons 1055 -- 1065.
Conditions for a Sacramental Marriage
The Catholic Church perspective for a marriage to be a sacrament is that both the man and the woman must be baptized, able to marry and freely consent to the marriage. The Catholic Church typically provides classes for a number of months before marriage in order to help the participants inform their consent. During or before this time the would-be spouses are confirmed, Canon 1065 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law states that "Catholics who have not yet received the sacrament of confirmation are to receive it before being admitted to marriage, if this can be done without grave inconvenience."
Also, the Catholic Church has further requirements for the form of vows, called the "canonical form". So according to the Canon 1108, para. 1, it is the requirement for validity of marriage, that when a Catholic marries another Catholic or when a Catholic marries a non-Catholic, such a marriage must be contracted in the presence of the local bishop or the local parish priest (or a priest or deacon delegated by either of them), with the assistance of two witnesses. The canonical form of marriage must be followed (unless dispensed). The requirement for a Canonical Form of Marriage began due to the reforms of the Council of Trent. With the decree Tametsi of 11 November 1563. Ne Temere promulgated by Pius X, August 2, 1907 added (and continues to enforce) further specifications.
Note: It is the Vatican that has said that the Orthodox share the Catholic Faith and are separated sister Catholic Churches. The Envoy Magizine article about Archbishop Cooper is misleading. The terms Orthodox Catholic and Orthodox Christian are synonomous. There are independent Western Rite Orthodox jurisdictions all over the world. Archbishop Cooper's Order does NOT have gay or women priests.